Pashtun Tribes

Sarbanee/ Sarban (Durrani)

Subtribes

  1. Sheranai
  2. Jalwaanai
  3. Barais (Barech)
  4. Baayer
  5. Oormar
  6. Tareen (Tarin) [Subtribes: Tor Tarin, Spin Tarin] { Raisani & Khetran are also Tarin. Currently these Tribes are speaking Brahvi & Balochi respectively }
  7. Gharshin
  8. Lawaanai
  9. Popalzai
  10. Baamizai
  11. Sadozai
  12. Alikozai
  13. Barakzai
  14. Mohammad zai ( Zeerak )
  15. Achakzai (Assakzai)
  16. Noorzai
  17. Alizai
  18. Saakzai
  19. Maako
  20. Khoogyanai
  21. Yousufzai
  22. Atmaanzai (Utmanzai)
  23. Raanizai
  24. Mandan
  25. Tarklaanai
  26. Khalil
  27. Babar
  28. Daudzai
  29. Zamaryanai
  30. Zeranai
  31. Mohmand
  32. Kheshgai
  33. Mohammad Zai ( Zamand)
  34. Kaasi
  35. Shinwarai
  36. Gagyanai
  37. Salarzai
  38. Malgoorai

Gharghasht (Gharghakht)

Subtribe

  1. Babai
  2. Mandokhail
  3. Kakar
  4. Naghar
  5. Panee (Panri) (Khajjak, Luni, Marghazani, Dehpal, Barozai, Mzari etc.)
  6. Dawi
  7. Hamar
  8. Doomar (Dumarr)
  9. Khondai
  10. Gadoon (Jadun)
  11. Masakhel (Musakhail)
  12. Sapai or Safai (Safi)
  13. Mashwanai
  14. Zmarai (Mzarai)
  15. Shalman
  16. Eisoot (Isot)

Karlanee (Kerlanri)

Subtribes

  1. Mangal
  2. Kakai
  3. Torai (Turi)
  4. Hanee
  5. Wardak (Verdag)
  6. Aurakzai (Orakzai)
  7. Apridee or Afridi
  8. Khattak
  9. Sheetak
  10. Bolaaq
  11. Zadran (Jadran)
  12. Wazir
  13. Masid (Mahsood)
  14. Daur (Dawar)
  15. Sataryanai
  16. Gaarai
  17. Bangash
  18. Banosee (Banuchi)
  19. Zazai (Jaji)
  20. Gorbuz
  21. Tanai (Tani)
  22. Khostwaal
  23. Atmaankhel (Utmankhail)
  24. Samkanai (Chamkani)
  25. Muqbal

Betanee / Baitani ( Ghilji, Khilji, Ghilzai )

Subtribes

  1. Lodhi/Ibrahim/Ibrahim Lodhi
  2. Toran
    • Baabar
    • Baroo
  3. Buran
    • Jehab/Aezab
    • Ali Khel
      • Aka Khel
      • Abdur Rahim Khel
      • Wash Khel
      • Barhi Khel
  4. Musa
  5. Sahaak
  6. Tarakai
  7. Tookhi
  8. Andar
  9. SuleimanKhail (Slaimaankhel)
  10. Hotak
  11. Akakhail
  12. Nasar
  13. Kharotai
  14. Bakhtiar
  15. Marwat
  16. Ahmadzai
  17. Tarai
  18. Dotanai (Dotani)
  19. Taran
  20. Lodhi
  21. Niazai
  22. Soor
  23. Sarwanai
  24. Gandapur
  25. Daulat Khail
  26. Kundi Ali Khail
  27. Dasoo Khail
  28. Jaafar
  29. Ostranai (Ustarana)
  30. Loohanai
  31. Miankhail
  32. Betani (Baitanee)
  33. Khasoor

44 Comments

  1. Kakar
    Posted April 4, 2015 at 2:33 pm | Permalink

    Kakar is the name of a large Pashtun tribe, with members living in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.

    History

    According to the history of Afghanistan, the Kakar tribe established an empire in Afghanistan and spread the glory of their family name. The originator of the Kakar tribe is Dani, who was son of Ghourghusht and grandson of Qais Abdur Rashid. The Kakar groups in India were prominent leaders of Punjab, including a notable governer of Punjab, in the late 1800s. Under Kakar leadership, India’s Punjab rose to great heights. Some Afghan clans related to the Kakar family include:

    Sanzarkhel
    Taraghzai
    Barakzai
    Parizon
    Mirdadzai
    Jogizai
    Abubakarzai
    Abusyedzai
    Sanzarkhel, Taraghzai or Taragharai and Santia (sub tribe of Abubakarzai Kakar) are the biggest sub-tribes of the Kakar in Balochistan. Historians such as Abdul Hai Habibi and Bahdur Shah Zafar Kakakhel are confident that the Jadoon are also part of the Kakar tribe.

    Kakar have descendants in western provinces of Pakistan but are mostly in Afghanistan and eastern Iran.

    Sher Shah Suri and Kakar
    Sher Shah Suri or Sher Khan’s real name was Farid Khan. His father’s name was Hassan Khan and his grandfather’s name wae Ibrahim Khan Suri. Ibrahim was a middle-class and common man of ROWA (an independent land of Afghans which included the territories of Hasan Abdal, Kabul, Peshawar, Herat, Kandahar and Koh-e-Sulaiman), and belonged to the sub-tribe Barakzai of Kakar. Barakzai is a sub-tribe of Taraghzai, son of Kakar. According to Sir Olf Caero, author of the book The Pathans, Sher Shah was born Sihasram in (Bihar) in 1479 CE, where his father was a landlord and a respected ally of a Mughal Empire. The real homeland of Sher Shah was likely located between Qaisi Ghar and Koh-e-Sulaiman, near the Kozhak range.

    Kalkar Najin, in his book Sher Shah and His Times, asserts that this place is between Chaman and Ghazni and that it is Sargorgai (Toba Kakar Ranges), where the Kakar tribe has been living for centuries. Sir Olaf claims that when Sher Shah was young, he hunted and killed a lion (likely a Bengal tiger) by his own sword—and since the lion is called “Sher” in the local languages, the people of the area began to call him “Sher Khan”. Sher Shah’s hunting of the lion using a sword is similar to the story of David.

    Kakar (Afghan)
    Kakar Afghan was one of the grandsons of Qais Abdur Rashid. Kakar’s father’s name was Dani son of Ghourghusht, who was son of Qais in the Afghan appendix of tribes. According to Afghan and Muslim historians, Ghourghusht was alive in 388 hijri (by the Islamic calendar). Kakar is also called in some parts of Afghanistan Kakar-khel. In Herat, Kakar is locally called Kak. Historically, the tribe has been called Kak-kor (family of Kak). The tomb of Kakar or Kak is in front of Herat central Jamia Masjid’s gate. Afghan historians say that Kakar was first buried in Kohistan, which is in Ghor province of Afghanistan, but Herat’s ruler Sultan Ghyasudin Tahglok brought the body to be re-buried in a mosque there in the city. Muhammad of Ghor was also Kakar and belongs to the sub-tribe named Taghluk or Taghruq. Dani had four more sons named Panai, Babai, Naghar and Davi. Kakar had 18 real sons and six adopted sons – 24 sons altogether. The names of Kakar’s eighteen biological sons are as follows:

    Taraghzai (Taragharai)
    Jadram
    Serad or Sherdad
    Zalghozi
    Dumar
    Musazai or Musakhel
    Younaskhel
    Samkhel
    Darpikhel or Arpikhel
    Jalalkhel
    Mukranikhel
    Rankhkhel
    Essakhel
    Sargarai
    Kapip
    Khatankhel
    Yaqubzai
    Osean
    and adopted sons names are:

    Pindar or Beadar
    Churmaikhel
    Lanbar
    Farmalai
    Kwaano and Taran
    Some well-known subtribes of Kakar are Sanzarkhel, Barakzai, Parizon, Abdullahzai, Jogizai, Abubakar-zai and much more. In every province of Afghanistan, large numbers of Kakar are living. In the Balochistan province of Pakistan, eighty percent of Pashtuns are Kakars. Quetta, Pishin, Qila Saifullah, Qila Abdullah, Zhob, Loralai, Musakhel, Sibi and other districts or nearby areas are populated by Kakar tribe. A good number of Kakars may also ne found in Punjab and Sindh. In India, Kakar are found in Punjab, Haryana, Bulandshehr (a town of Kohana District) Rohtik, Hyderabad, Daccan, Malwah (a town of khwaja) Bihar, Bangol, Assam, Mumbai and Jona Garh.
    Subtribes
    sarghari sub cast of kakar are living on their respectve areas in majority saliyan dist of kandahar, muslimbagh(hindubagh,duki, dist of killasaifullah, kuchlak dist quetta. Ahmedkhel and SULEMAN KHAIL of naurak tehsil Gulistan, and Barakzai , Suleman khail, Ahmed khail ( sub caste of Taraghzai or Taragharai KAKAR)of Pishin and Toba KAKARI, Sanzarkhel, and Santia (sub tribe of Abubakarzai Kakar)and sarghari are the biggest sub-tribes of the Kakar in Balochistan,Balochistan_(Pakistan)>. of which Ahmedkhel is the biggest sub-tribe. Historians such as Abdul Hai Habibi and Bahdur Shah Zafar Kakakhel are confident that the Jadoon are also part of the Kakar tribe. Hanbhi which are included in Alizai Kakar. The Kakar also make the largest tribe of Pashtons. The Kibzai and Jogizai is also a sub tribe of Kakar living in Zhob and Loralai . Khajak of Sibi is also Kakar,
    Kakar have descendants in western provinces of Pakistan but are mostly in Afghanistan and eastern Iran .as well as in India.

  2. Kakar
    Posted April 4, 2015 at 2:29 pm | Permalink

    Historical Background

    The Kakar tribes, strictly so called, consisting of twenty main divisions and innumerable sub-divisions,
    and numbering probably five lakhs in all (though the number has been computed at 9, 12, and even 18
    lakhs), derives its descent from Kakar, the eldest of the four sons of Dane son of Ghorghasht, and holds
    possession of a spacious tract, some 100 miles square, bounded on the north, first by the southern limit
    of the Ghalzai, and further towards the west by the Arghasan, and also by that part of Toba in the occupation of the part of Toba in the occupation of the Achakzai Durrani, and on the west and south by
    Balochistan, a part of the Spin Tarin couutry, and a ridge of the Suleiman mountain….
    The Kakar are a genial, joyous people, fond of amusement and easily amused. It is their custom in
    summer, after the evening meal, to sit outside the village, the women being a little apart from the men,
    and pass an hour or two in playing and singing their simple national airs. Another and more grotesque
    amusement said to have been introduced b the followers of Pir Taric, and known amongst the Tarin
    under the name of Tisri, is called by the Kakar “loba,” a word that properly means a game or sport. This
    game, played in the summer evenings, consisted in the young men and women collecting outside the
    village and crying out, “The Pir is not dead but alive” (Fir mar na dai, zhwandai dai,) accompanying the
    cry with a drunken pantomime of staggering to and fro, and the like ribald buffooneries. This is said to
    have been the occasion of much impropriety between the sexes, and has now almost fallen into
    desuetude. In religion, the Kakar are Sunni Musalmans, but they do not burthen themselves with too
    nice an observance of the injunctions of their faith, of which indeed their knowledge is of the vaguest ;
    few, indeed, having the faintest tincture of literary acquirement. Except the old men few attend prayers,
    and, (which by no means follows) they have not the least tendency to fanaticism. Their mullas they
    regard with a degree of reverence proportioned to the crassncss of their own ignorance, and every
    strolling impostor and vagabond charm writer is to the simple Kakar a holy and learned man….
    [Source: Afghanistan and Its Inhabitants, pp. 85-87]

    Taliban Dismisses Senior Afghan Commander – December 29, 2007

    As 2007 comes to a close, the Taliban has dismissed its senior
    military commander in southern Afghanistan. Mullah Mansoor
    Dadullah (pictured), a senior military commander, was relieved of
    his command by Mullah Omar, according to a statement.
    Dadullah was accused of insubordination.
    “Mullah Mansoor Dadullah has been dismissed as the Taliban
    commander because he disobeyed the orders of the Islamic
    Emirate,” Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahed told AFP. “Therefore it was decided not to appoint any
    post in the emirate to him,” Mujahed concluded.
    Mansoor was the military commander of Taliban forces in the strategic southern provinces of Kandahar,
    Helmand, Uruzgan, and Zabul provinces. He took command of Taliban forces in May of this year after his
    brother Mullah Dadullah Ahkund, a popular but brutal and effective commander, was killed by British
    Special Forces in Helmand province.
    [Source: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/12/taliban_dismisses_se-print.php

    Mansoor Dadullah, the half-brother of Mullah Dadullah, comes from the Arghandab district of Kandahar
    province and belongs to the Kakar tribe—a tribe from which many Taliban commanders and soldiers
    originated. He is approximately 30 years-old and has spent considerable time in prison. In the mid-
    1990s, when the Taliban were engaged in a battle with the Northern Alliance in north Kabul and later in
    northern Afghanistan, Mansoor was a solider for Dadullah and acted as his assistant (al-Jazeera, June 7).
    According to those that know him personally, he is not as ruthless as his brother Mullah Dadullah. His
    prominence comes not from his military activities, but due to his connection with the notorious neoTaliban
    commander Mullah Dadullah.
    [Source: http://www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2373567

    After he was accused for a bloody genocide in the central Bamyan province, Dadullah [-Lang]
    was disarmed according to Mullah Omar’s order in 2000. He was later re-armed since the Taliban
    needed his aggressive command against Northern Alliance troops. He is able to evade capture because
    of his friendship with mujahideen commanders and due to the support he receives from his Kakar tribe
    in the southern provinces of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    [Source: http://www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2369933

    Kakar is the name of a large Pashtun tribe, with members living in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.
    According to the history of Afghanistan, the Kakar tribe established an empire in Afghanistan and spread
    the glory of their family name. The originator of the Kakar tribe is Dani, who was son of Ghourghusht
    and grandson of Qais Abdur Rashid. Some Afghan clans related to the Kakar family include:
     Sanzarkhel
     Taraghzai
     Barakzai of Kakar
     Parizon
     Mirdadzai
     Jogizai
     Abubakarzai
     Abusyedzai
    Sanzarkhel, Taraghzai or Taragharai and Santia (sub tribe of Abubakarzai Kakar) are the biggest subtribes
    of the Kakar in Balochistan. Historians such as Abdul Hai Habibi and Bahdur Shah Zafar Kakakhel
    are confident that the Jadoon are also part of the Kakar tribe.

    The Kakar also make the largest tribe of Pashtons. Kakar have descendants in western provinces of
    Pakistan but are mostly in Afghanistan and eastern Iran. [Note: This article was researched by a Kakar
    and reflects Kakar views of themselves].

    [Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kakar

    The Kakars, a Pathan tribe on the Zhob valley frontier of Baluchistan, inhabit the back of the Suliman
    mountains between Quetta and the Gomal river; they are a very ancient race, and it is probable that
    they were in possession of these slopes long before the advent of Afghan or Arab. They are divided into
    many distinct tribes who have no connexion beyond the common name of Kakar. Not only is there no
    chief of the Kakars, or general jirgah (or council) of the whole tribe, but in most cases there are no
    recognized heads of the different clans. In 1901 they numbered 105,444. During the second Afghan War
    the Kakars caused some annoyance on the British line of communications; and the Kakars inhabiting the
    Zhob valley were punished by the Zhob valley expedition of 1884.

    [Source: http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Kakar

    The roots of the Taliban are found in the mujahedin efforts against the Soviets. From the hundreds of
    resistance groups that sprang up, the ISID recognized seven and established offices for them through
    which to channel covert support. Although most had a strong religious ethos, the groups were
    organized primarily along ethnic and tribal lines. Significantly, three of the seven were led by Ghilzais
    and none by their rivals, the Durranis, who were deliberately marginalized by the ISID.

    [Source:http://www.nps.edu/Programs/CCS/Docs/Pubs/Understanding%20the%20Taliban%20and%20In
    surgency%20in%20Afghanistan.pdf, pg. 75]

    Kakar Afghan was one of the grandsons of Qais Abdur Rashid. Kakar’s father’s name was Dani son of
    Ghourghusht, who was son of Qais in the Afghan appendix of tribes. According to Afghan and Muslim
    historians, Ghourghusht was alive in 388 hijri (by the Islamic calendar). Kakar is also called in some parts
    of Afghanistan Kakar-khel.

    [Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kakar

    Qais Abdur Rashid is a legendary progenitor of the Pashtun people, thought, among Pashtuns, to be the
    first Pashtun who traveled to Mecca and Madina during the early days of Islam.

    Qais Abdur Rashid was born Pehtan Qais in Southern Afghanistan. Upon hearing about the advent of
    Islam, he was sent by his tribe to Arabia. He met Mohammad and embraced Islam, and was named
    Abdur Rashid by him.
    It is also said that the famous warrior companion, Khalid bin Walid, who was a Quarashi Arab from Bani
    Makhzoom, cousins of Mohammed who was from bani Hashim, and Qais Abdur Rashid was introduced
    by him to Muhammad. It is commonly believed by Pashtuns that Khalid bin Walid and Qais Abdur Rashid
    were their fathers, who brought Islam to them, well before the invasion of Afghanistan by the Arab
    Muslim forces during the caliphate of Omar bin Khattab, the second caliph.
    Qais Abdur Rashid died leaving three sons: Sarban, Baitan and Ghourghusht. From these three sons, as
    well as Karlan, we get the majority of Pashtun tribes known today.

    [Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qais_Abdur_Rashid

    The Hotaki dynasty (1709-1738) was founded in 1709 by Mirwais Khan Hotak, an ethnic Pashtun
    (Afghan) from the Ghilzai clan of Kandahar province in modern-day Afghanistan. Mirwais and his
    followers rose against the Persian Safavid rule starting in the city of Kandahar in 1709. He began his rule
    by killing Gurgin Khan, the Georgian-born governor of Kandahar, who was representing the Persian
    kings. Next, Mirwais ordered the deaths of the remaining Persian government officials in the region. The
    Ghilzai Afghans then defeated the Persian army that was dispatched from Isfahan (capital of the Safavid
    Empire).

    Mirwais Khan Hotak died peacefully in 1715 from natural cause and was succeeded by his son Mir
    Mahmud Hotaki, who later led his army to invade Persia. In 1722, Mir Mahmud sacked the city of
    Isfahan and declared himself Shah of Persia (meaning King of Persia). However, the great majority still
    rejected the Ghilzai regime as usurping. . For the next 7 years the Hotaki became the de facto rulers of
    eastern Persia and the Peshawar Valley.

    The Hotaki dynasty was a troubled and violent one as internecine conflict made it difficult to establish
    permanent control. The dynasty lived under great turmoil due to bloody succession feuds that made
    their hold on power tenuous, and after the massacre of thousands of civilians in Isfahan – including
    more than three thousand religious scholars, nobles, and members of the Safavid family – the Hotaki
    dynasty was eventually removed from power in Persia. In October 1729, they were defeated by Nader
    Shah, head of the Afsharids, in the Battle of Damghan and pushed back to what is now Afghanistan.

    [Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hotaki_dynasty

  3. Kakar
    Posted April 4, 2015 at 2:17 pm | Permalink

    Background
    The Pashtun Kakar tribe has traditionally been viewed as a low status group with their primary lands
    located in Baluchistan’s Zhob region. Part of the current insurgency in Afghanistan involves an
    opportunistic Kakar attempt to regain its social and political standing among the other Pashtun tribes of
    the region. Commanders such as Dadullah-Lang and his brother, Bakht Mohammad, are Kakars with
    little actual status of their own until the civil war among the Mujahedin parties resulted from the power
    vacuum following the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan.
    The Kakar probably view themselves as having greater status and tribal glory than is allocated to them in
    Pashtun society today. Their line of descent from Qais, the progenitor of the Pashtuns, is both direct
    and short, and they were once the rulers of Afghanistan. Many Kakar insurgent leaders may be
    motivated by a desire to “spread the glory of their family name,” as stated by the member of the Kakar
    tribe who prepared the Wikipedia article on their tribe.
    In their possible desire to regain their lost “glory,” the Kakar members within the Taliban may be
    competing with the Hotak (Ghilzai), a tribe that also once ruled Afghanistan and Persia before being
    defeated by Persia’s Nadir Shah. The Hotak were once “royals” and the possible tension existing
    between the opportunist commanders of Kakar and Hotak factions, Mullah Mohammad Omar, Hotak,
    and Mansoor Dadullah, Kakar, may have been a major reason for Mullah Omar’s recent dismissal of
    Dadullah Mansoor from the Taliban leadership. This would also explain the tension that apparently
    existed between Mansoor’s brother, Dadullah-Lang, and Omar. Both tribes view themselves as having a
    right to rule Afghanistan while recovering their rightful tribal “glory.”

    Analysis
     Pashtuns have long tribal memories.
     Those tribes that once ruled the country retain ambitions to regain control. In the case of
    the Durrani royal tribes, the Barakzai and Popalzai, they tend to remain supporters of
    “traditionalist” approaches while the Ghilzai Hotak and the Gurghusht Kakar tribes appear
    to have adopted more “revolutionary” tactics and seek supporters by advocating a Shariaruled
    Islamic state.
     The competition between the Durrani royal tribes appears settled, with the Barakzai
    subtribe, the Mohammadzai, holding this status. The death of Zahir Shah, however, and
    lack of a suitable heir may allow the Popalzai subtribe, the Saddozai, to move into
    contention for “royal primacy.” The desire to rule has not been a settled issue between the
    Kakar and Hotak tribes.
     Signs of tension between the two tribes exist. Mullah Mohammad Rabbani (Kakar), a cofounder
    of the Taliban, was sent to Kabul rather than work within the Taliban leadership in
    Kandahar. The Taliban’s foreign minister, Wakil Ahmad Mutawakil (Kakar) reconciled to the

    Government of Afghanistan in early 2002, the first Taliban leader to do so. Tension existed
    between Dadullah-Lang (Kakar) and Mullah Omar, Mullah Obdaidullah, and Mullah Osmani.
    Similar pressure has apparently resulted in Mullah Omar dismissing Dadullah Mansoor,
    Dadullah-Lang’s brother, from the Taliban leadership.

    Opportunities
    Given the probable tension within the Taliban leadership personalities, such as Hotak Mullah Omar and
    Kakar Dadullah Mansoor, it may be possible to exacerbate this by offering one side opportunities for
    reconciliation while ignoring the other. This may increase the tension and lead to open breaks between
    the tribal groups. Hotak are Ghilzai and will probably be allied with other Ghilza tribes while the Kakar
    are Gurghust and are not always viewed as true Pashtuns by the other tribes. Working with one side
    while ignoring the other may pay dividends.
    There are Kakars within the Pashtoonkhwa Milli Awami Party located in Pakistan. There are Kakars in
    leadership positions and contact with them could probably be arranged through Mehmood Khan
    Achakzai, a key leader in this party who resides in Quetta and is a member of the national parliament.
    Contact could probably be arranged through regular contacts with Mehmood Khan through the British
    High Commission in Islamabad. Pakistani Kakars could be utilized as “contacts” to locate Taliban Kakars
    seeking reconciliation opportunities.
    There are probably Kakars serving in the Karzai Administration. They may also be capable of making
    contacts with Taliban Kakars. Both approaches could be used to “steer” these individuals into a
    “Pashtun Peace Movement,” or something similar.
    Pointing out that the Kakars have a more complete Pashtun genealogy than the Hotaks since they claim
    direct descent from Qais, the grandfather of Dane, their ancestor, may have an impact. Suggesting that
    the Hotaks, and the entire Ghilzai Confederation, lacks such a solid ancestry may have an interesting
    effect since the Durranis suggest that the Ghilzai arose from an illegitimate child.

    Another interesting theme could focus on the lack of Kakars in the Taliban administration in their capital
    city, Kandahar. The few senior Kakars in the Taliban government were assigned to posts in Kabul and
    were trusted to work in Kandahar. Mullah Rabbani and Mutawakil were essentially restricted to Kabul.
    This may also increase the fissures within the Taliban rank and file, especially if the reports of Dadullah
    Mansoor’s dismissal are correct.

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