The Afghan National Police (ANP) د افغانستان ملي پولیس – is the law enforcement agency of Afghanistan and falls under the responsibility of Afghanistan’s Ministry of Interior, which is headed by Bismillah Khan Mohammadi. ANP receives its funding, training and equipment from NATO and has been established since the removal of the Taliban Government in Afghanistan, in 2001. The training is provided to the police through various local and federal law enforcement from the united states, Germany, and the United Kingdom.
As of May, 2011, there were 126,000 active members of the Afghan National Police, which is expected to reach 160,000 by 2012.
The Afghan Police consists of the following sub-agencies.
Afghan Border Police
The Afghan Border Police (ABP) are responsible for securing the borders and airports of Afghanistan against the illegal entry of persons as well as the smuggling of contraband. As of January 2011, there are at least 25 U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Customs and Border Protection officers providing training to the Afghan Border Police. Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano stated that the number could reach 65 or more by the end of 2011. Napolitano visited the Torkham border crossing with Pakistan and was satisfied with the progress being made there. The ABP specific duties include the following:
- Provide border security patrols within a security zone that extends 55 km into the territory of Afghanistan.
- Provide immigration / visa services and investigate immigration violations.
- Establish and maintain Border Crossing Points, to include all international airports.
- Provide perimeter, building, aircraft and passenger security of international airports.
Afghan Uniform Police
The Afghan Uniform Police (AUP) is the primary civil law enforcement agency in Afghanistan and has been divided through regional commands (north, south, east, west and central) as well as the Afghan National Civil Order Police, or ANCOP. Other forces falling under the command and control of the ANP include local traffic police departments as well as the fire department.
Afghan Highway Police
The Afghan Highway Police was a sub-department of the national police, however, it has been currently dissolved. Their primary role was to provide traffic safety and security of the “Ring Road”. The Afghan High Police personnel, equipment and facilities have since been reorganized under the uniform police.
Criminal Investigation Department
The Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is staffed with 4148 investigators spread over the nation with the majority in Kabul. They are tasked with investigation, crime scene forensic procedures, documentation of crime, and assisting other agencies to include assistance through the crime lab housed at the Ministry of Interior.
- Colonel General
- Lieutenant General
- Major General
- Lieutenant Colonel
- Staff Captain
- First Lieutenant
- Second Lieutenant
- Third Lieutenant
Non-Commissioned and Enlisted
- Staff Sergeant
- First Corporal